Minnows are a relatively small breed of fish. They can adapt well to their surroundings, given that the habitat offers the appropriate food for them to survive. But what do minnows eat? As an omnivore, they can feed on both plants and other, smaller animals. This adaptability helps minnows thrive in habitats that can be considered not ideal for this fish.
Minnows prefer fresh and clean water like rivers, lakes, and ponds. But they can also be found in bogs and swamps which are considered not to be the cleanest bodies of water. Some breeds can also thrive in waters with some salinity. As for temperature, minnows are not that choosy as they can live in both warm and cool areas as long as they have enough sustenance.
Minnow and Their Preferred Habitat
As stated earlier, minnows prefer clean and fresh water streams. Because they are relatively small they often prey themselves. You can find minnows hiding under rocks or underwater plants to avoid predators.
Minnows Natural Habitat…
They also use debris to camouflage themselves while waiting for food to pass by. It is also not uncommon for you to find different types of minnows living within the same body of water.
Minnow’s Natural Diet
Almost all species of minnows are omnivores but prefer plants and moss. However, there are a few select species of minnows that are purely carnivorous. The omnivore minnows have a wide range of diet from plant life to smaller water-based organisms. The carnivore minnows on the other hand primarily prey on arthropods and smaller organisms.
In terms of their place in the ecosystem, minnows are considered to be an ecological importance as they are also a food source for other species such as fish and birds. Minnows are also popular for fishermen as they are often used as bait.
There was an interesting shift in minnow’s behavior during the past couple of decades though. If the temperature in their habitat starts to decrease, minnow becomes more nocturnal. This is believed to be their way of adapting to the changes in their environment and their way of avoiding predators as certain predators become less active at night.
Different Types of Minnows
What to Feed Minnows?
The recommended food for you minnows is freeze dried bloodworms. You can buy one at your local pet shop and I recommend you look for Omega One Freeze Dried Bloodworms as it contains a decent amount of protein and has low ash content.
You can also feed minnows your standard fish flakes. There are cases, depending on the breed of minnow, wherein they become picky eaters. They would sometimes ignore fish flakes altogether. If this happens try mixing in brine shrimp into the flakes until your minnows adapt to a fish flake diet.
Caring for Your Minnows
If you have minnows in your aquarium then you should be aware of that common cause of death for this fish is overfeeding. You have to be aware of how much pellets you feed and also make sure that the pellets are small enough for the minnows to eat properly.
To know how much pellets, you need to put in the aquarium, first put a small dose and wait for 5 minutes. All pellets should be gone by now. If you see still see pellets floating around the aquarium then you should cut back for the next feeding session. If the minnows are able to clean up within 3 minutes then you should add a pinch more.
You should feed your minnows two times per day, every day. Just remember to feed them in moderation to avoid overfeeding. Minnows tend to eat as long as there is food available which is why most minnows in captivity die due to overeating. Being mindful of this will allow your minnows to survive a long healthy life.
Here’s a quick little video about proper care for minnows:
Wait for a second, some of aquatic friends you want to see in my blog:
Setting Up Your Aquarium to House Minnows
There are 5 steps for you to set up the house for our Beloved Shiny Friends:
- Clean up Your Aquarium
- Neccessary Volume of Water & Place for the Aquarium
- Filter Installation
- Decorate the House for Your Friends
- Add the Minnows
Minnows are extremely easy to take care of. The main problem you will need to avoid is overfeeding them which shouldn’t be a problem as long as you are well-informed in this matter. I highly recommend Omega One Freeze Dried Bloodworms as feeds for you minnows as the pellets are quite small and it is packed with protein as well.
As always leave a comment down below if you have anything to add. Maybe some tidbits of helpful tips I missed here and there. Share this to other fish enthusiasts and spread the love for our aquatic based friends.